Discovered in 1817 by Friedrich Stromeyer at Göttingen, Germany. Cadmium is a white metallic element. It is readily accessible as it occurs in concentrated ores and is easily extracted by heating the oxide with carbon and distilling the metal. It has an abundance in the earth's crust of 0.11 ppm. Cadmium has been used in applications as diverse as plating, the manufacture of batteries and as a yellow pigment for paint. However, its high toxicity means that its use is now becoming increasingly restricted.Powder - Small particles with an approximately defined size range. Those materials described as alloy precursors are not true alloys - they are made by sintering a blend of powders of the component metals to achieve alloying by diffusion. The resultant cake is ground and sieved to the required particle size range. Unless otherwise stated, the particle sizes shown are for guidance only. We do not guarantee either any particular size distribution between the quoted minimum and maximum sizes, or a specific particle shape.