Skip navigation Accessibility information

Silver ( Ag )

Material Information

Buy Silver on-line

We stock and supply the following standard forms:
Foil Insulated Wire Lump Mesh Microfoil Powder Rod Single Crystal Sphere
Foil Insulated Wire Lump Mesh Microfoil Powder Rod Single Crystal Sphere
Sputtering Target Tube Wire
Sputtering Target Tube Wire

Choose a form to search our on-line catalogue  
General Description:  

Silver was known to ancient civilisations.

Silver is a soft, malleable metal with a characteristic sheen. It has the highest thermal and electrical conductivities of all metals. It is generally found uncombined, or in the sulphide or arsenide ores from which it can be recovered as a cyanide complex which is subsequently reduced to the metal, in aqueous solution, by the use of zinc. The pure metal is stable to water and oxygen but is attacked in air by sulphur bearing compounds to form the characteristic black layer of silver sulphide. It is soluble in sulphuric and nitric acids.

Some silver salts are sensitive to light (e.g. AgI, AgCl and AgBr) and are of fundamental importance to photography. Other applications and industries in which silver is used include the manufacture of jewellery (both as the pure metal and as a constituent of various alloys), the electrical industry (e.g. in the manufacture of contacts) and for the silvering of glass.

   

Atomic Properties

Atomic number 47
Atomic radius - Goldschmidt ( nm ) 0.144
Atomic weight ( amu ) 107.8682
Crystal structure Face centred cubic
Electronic structure Kr 4d1O 5s1
Ionisation potential No. eV
1 7.58
2 21.5
3 34.8
Natural isotope distribution Mass No. %
107 51.83
109 48.17
Photo-electric work function ( eV ) 4.7
Thermal neutron absorption cross-section ( Barns ) 63.8
Valences shown 1, 2

Electrical Properties

Electrical resistivity @20C ( µOhmcm ) 1.63
Temperature coefficient @0-100C ( K-1 ) 0.0041
Thermal emf against Pt (cold 0C - hot 100C) ( mV ) +0.74

Mechanical Properties

Material condition Soft Hard Polycrystalline
Bulk modulus ( GPa )     103.6
Hardness - Vickers 25 95
Izod toughness ( J m-1 ) 5
Poisson's ratio     0.367
Tensile modulus ( GPa )     82.7
Tensile strength ( MPa ) 172 330

Physical Properties

Boiling point ( C ) 2212
Density @20C ( g cm-3 ) 10.5
Melting point ( C ) 961.9

Thermal Properties

Coefficient of thermal expansion @0-100C ( x10-6 K-1 ) 19.1
Latent heat of evaporation ( J g-1 ) 2390
Latent heat of fusion ( J g-1 ) 103
Specific heat @25C ( J K-1 kg-1 ) 237
Thermal conductivity @0-100C ( W m-1 K-1 ) 429

Buy Silver on-line

We stock and supply the following standard forms:
Foil Insulated Wire Lump Mesh Microfoil Powder Rod Single Crystal Sphere
Foil Insulated Wire Lump Mesh Microfoil Powder Rod Single Crystal Sphere
Sputtering Target Tube Wire
Sputtering Target Tube Wire

Choose a form to search our on-line catalogue  

Index