Alloys are mixtures of a metal with other elements, the precise combination being governed by the required properties. Alloys are generally considered to be metallic in nature i.e. they have good thermal and electrical conductivities).
Alloys can be manufactured by various routes, the most widely used being to melt the constituents together and to cool the resultant mixture to form a single or multi-phase solid.
A regular solid or hollow three-dimensional form in which every cross-section is a circle. Spheres are available with standard or precision tolerances, and can be supplied with different surface finishes depending on the material.