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Neodymium ( Nd )

Material Information

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Foil Lump Powder Rod Sputtering Target Wire
Foil Lump Powder Rod Sputtering Target Wire

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General Description:  

Separated in 1885 by Baron Auer von Weisbach.

Neodymium is one of the more reactive members of the lanthanide group. It oxidises rapidly in air to form an oxide which rapidly spalls away to reveal fresh metal. The metal reacts slowly with cold water and rapidly with hot water. The metal is found in monazite (CePO4, a principal source of the rare earths and thorium) and orthite. It has an abundance of 38 ppm in the earth's crust.

The applications for pure neodymium are limited, but it is used in alloys used to produce permanent magnets and flints. It is also used as an additive to glasses which are used in solid state lasers and light amplifiers.

   

Atomic Properties

Atomic number 60
Atomic radius - Goldschmidt ( nm ) 0.182
Atomic weight ( amu ) 144.24
Crystal structure Hexagonal close packed
Electronic structure Xe 4f4 6s2
Ionization potential No. eV
1 5.49
2 10.72
Natural isotope distribution Mass No. %
142 27.2
143 12.2
144 23.8
145 8.3
146 17.2
148 5.7
150 5.6
Photo-electric work function ( eV ) 3.2
Thermal neutron absorption cross-section ( Barns ) 49
Valences shown 3

Electrical Properties

Electrical resistivity @20C ( µOhmcm ) 64
Temperature coefficient @0-100C ( K-1 ) 0.00164

Mechanical Properties

Material condition Polycrystalline
Bulk modulus ( GPa ) 33.3
Hardness - Vickers 35
Poisson's ratio 0.310
Tensile modulus ( GPa ) 37.9
Tensile strength ( MPa ) 172
Yield strength ( MPa ) 165

Physical Properties

Boiling point ( C ) 3068
Density @20C ( g cm-3 ) 7.004
Melting point ( C ) 1021

Thermal Properties

Coefficient of thermal expansion @0-100C ( x10-6 K-1 ) 6.7
Latent heat of evaporation ( J g-1 ) 2000
Latent heat of fusion ( J g-1 ) 75
Specific heat @25C ( J K-1 kg-1 ) 205
Thermal conductivity @0-100C ( W m-1 K-1 ) 13

Buy Neodymium on-line

We stock and supply the following standard forms:
Foil Lump Powder Rod Sputtering Target Wire
Foil Lump Powder Rod Sputtering Target Wire

Choose a form to search our on-line catalog  

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